Aluminium oxide abrasive paper

Aluminium oxide abrasive paper can be used for manual sanding or with power tools.

Hand-polished products provide better control and access to areas that are beyond the reach of power tools. Hand sanding is the ultimate preparation between the topcoat and the topcoat. Aluminium oxide abrasive paper for hand sanding is available in a variety of sizes, including the popular 9 x 11 aluminium oxide abrasive paper. You can use some 220 grit aluminum oxide abrasive for hand sanding and strong sanding.

Electric sand products remove materials quickly and efficiently. They are ideal for eliminating sputum and shaping and leveling wood. Strong sanding is an effective method for preparing painted metal surfaces. The aluminium oxide abrasive paperfor power tools is divided into sheets suitable for specific power tools, discs and belts.

One way to determine which aluminium oxide abrasive paper is best for a particular job is to understand the abrasive and its properties.

Commonly used artificial abrasives:

Alumina is a common type of aluminium oxide abrasive paper suitable for wood, plastic, metal and drywall. The granules rupture during the grinding process, constantly revealing new sharp edges. Alumina aluminium oxide abrasive paper is durable, making it a popular choice for strong aluminium oxide abrasive paper, but you can also use it on hand aluminium oxide abrasive paper.
Silicon carbide 220 grit aluminum oxide abrasive removes material faster than alumina but does not last long. It can be used on wood, plastic and metal to perform tasks such as rough grinding, paint removal or rust removal and sanding between coatings. Use it to make the seam smooth on the plasterboard. Silicon carbide products often have a waterproof backing that allows you to wet the sand. Wet sanding uses a liquid to lubricate the work surface, minimizing scratches. The technology also helps prevent aluminium oxide abrasive paper from being clogged with dust, removing loose abrasive particles and reducing dust in the air.
Zirconia Alumina Suitable for wood, fiberglass, metal and painted surfaces. You will find it in the form of belts, mats and discs for dynamic sanding. Like garnet and alumina, the granules break during use, maintaining sharp edges and allowing rapid removal of material. However, zirconia alumina has a longer duration than alumina.

Some papers use natural abrasives:

Garnet is suitable for hand sanding. It works well on logs – removes minor scratches and prepares the surface for finishing. Abrasive particles rupture during use, providing a new edge for material removal, but garnet aluminium oxide abrasive paper wears out quickly.
Emery is suitable for hand sanding and strong sanding of metals. Use coarser coarse sand to remove rust or paint and polish with finer coarse sand. Emery 220 grit aluminum oxide abrasive usually has a cloth backing, also known as emery cloth.
The abrasive cloth is similar to sanded abrasive paper or abrasive cloth but covered with very fine loose iron oxide particles, also known as jewelry rouge, rather than a layer of particles combined with abrasive. Suitable for final metal and gem finishing.
You may see aluminium oxide abrasive paper marked with a closed coating or an open coating. Abrasives for the closed coating product cover all backings. This structure removes more material, allowing it to be effectively ground by hand, but is blocked faster than open coated products. There is a blank space on the backing of the open coated product to accumulate space for the waste without degrading performance. They are effective for dynamic sanding because they do not clog so quickly. In addition, some aluminium oxide abrasive paper products have a stearate coating that reduces load.
Very happy to know

Paper is the traditional backing for aluminium oxide abrasive paper, but you can also find fabrics and film backings with better durability. Unlike paper-lined products, fabric-lined products are typically waterproof and can be used for wet sanding.
What is gravel?

The particle size of the matte product indicates the size of the abrasive particles. The smaller the number, the larger the abrasive particles – they remove more material but produce more noticeable scratches. Higher numbers indicate smaller particles that do not remove too much material, but leave a finer, smoother look. The sanding project uses several sizes of 220 grit aluminum oxide abrasive, starting with a lower number of sands and then gradually expanding to a finer, higher number of sands. Each higher grit will remove the scratches from the previous grit, making the surface smoother and smoother.

Particle sizes range from 24 pounds (for weight removal) to 2000 pounds or even larger for automotive finishes. The amount of grit between 60 and 220 will handle most household projects.

The exact granularity you need will vary depending on the item and the material to be polished, so follow the recommendations of the manufacturer of the abrasive product. Here are some general


Particle sizes from 36 to 100 are ideal for removing materials and can be used with electric sanders. Applications include:

Peeling paint or varnish finish

Remove rust or wood defects on metal

Flattening wood

220 grit aluminum oxide abrasive with a particle size from 100 to 180 is excellent for both manual and strong sanding, and is ready for the exposed surface for finish. This range applies to:

Smoothing the workpiece

Remove scratches

Final preparation

Processing can be done from 180 to 320. Hand sanding is suitable for the following applications:

Remove raised wood grain fibers

Scratch between finishes